The common cold is a viral infection that affects the nose and throat with associated sneezing, headaches, and cough. The rhinovirus is the most common type of virus that causes colds; however, there are more than 200 viruses that may cause the common cold. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses and are used to treat bacterial infections.
One of the largest misconceptions is that the color of the mucus suggests a bacterial infection. A patient can have yellow or green mucus and still have the common cold. The most important sign that would indicate a bacterial infection is present is the duration of symptoms. The American Academy of Otolaryngology guidelines for acute sinusitis require the presence of symptoms for greater than 7 to 10 days before being considered a bacterial infection. In addition, symptoms of the common cold may last for up to two weeks with cough and post nasal drip being the last symptoms to go away. Read more
Experts estimate that as many as 80% of people will experience back pain at some point in their lives. While the pain can be debilitating, most are able heal by themselves however, many have to turn to alternative options for treatment.
The foundation of all treatments of back pain is physical therapy yet, depending on the particular cause of back pain, there are additional treatments available. Below are five common causes of back pain and Pain Management treatments to help improve the pain. Read more
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai welcomes seven new faculty members in Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. The new faculty represent a broad base of expertise in clinical and research excellence.
The holidays are over, but many of us here in the Northeast, or out in the West, are just beginning to hit the slopes. Whether you are a traditional skier, or a “shredder” snowboarder like me, safety is always of the utmost concern. While these two sports tend to be leisurely for many, the possibility of serious and debilitating musculoskeletal injuries should be recognized and prevented as best as possible. Read more
The nutrition world is constantly buzzing with new trends and the latest and greatest “it” diet or food–many of which aren’t backed by sound nutritional evidence. Separating the trends from the facts is a big part of my job as a registered dietitian. Here are a few thoughts on some of the latest newsmakers and trends of 2015:
Research continues to point to an increasingly important role the gut plays in our overall well-being. Probiotics have been shown to help relieve gastrointestinal symptoms (think bloating, constipation and diarrhea), environmental allergic reactions and may even reduce the severity of cold and flu symptoms. From fermented foods and drinks (kimchi or kombucha, anyone?) to our favorite yogurt standbys, keeping our intestines happy should be a priority this year. Read more
The Mount Sinai Hospital became the first institution in the United States to use a U.S. Food and Drug Adminstration-approved drug-coated balloon to reopen arteries in a patient’s leg. The new device was approved last October to treat arteries above the knee that have been narrowed or blocked by peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a potentially life-threatening condition that may cause leg pain, skin ulcers, and gangrene, and can result in amputation if left untreated. Read more
A procedure developed at Mount Sinai Roosevelt’s CV Starr Hand Surgery Center has proven to be a highly successful, long-term treatment for chronic, degenerative arthritis of the wrist. The results of a 20-year study on the effectiveness of the procedure, distal scaphoid resection, were published as the lead article in the September 2014 issue of the Journal of Hand Surgery. Read more
In the summer of 1998, Shavanne McCurchin noticed something odd about her 2-month-old son’s right eye. “The entire eye looked white,” she says, remembering that she thought she had accidentally sprinkled powder in his eye while changing his diaper.
WHAT IS A HEART MURMUR?
Normally blood moves through the heart smoothly in a nearly fractionless fashion called laminar flow. However when the velocity of flow increases, flow becomes turbulent and friction increases making flow audible to the healthcare provider using a stethoscope. This noise is called a murmur. Some murmurs occur when flow velocity occurs in response to physical conditions such as pregnancy or fever and do not represent a heart problem. However many murmurs occur from heart valve abnormalities or congenital heart disease and should be evaluated. The most common abnormal heart conditions causing murmurs are when heart valves fail to open properly (called valve stenosis) or when heart valves leak (called valvular regurgitation). Read more
The aortic valve is the gate-keeper for blood to circulate from the heart to all parts of the body.
Narrowing of the aortic valve is aortic stenosis. This is a condition that can be congenital or develop over time as a person ages. Most commonly, as people age, this valve is susceptible to calcification leading to its narrowing.
Eventually as time goes by, symptoms of aortic stenosis such as chest discomfort, shortness of breath, exercise intolerance, heart failure, fainting spells, and even death can occur. Read more