Keep it Moving: Understanding Research Mobility’s Effect on Productivity and Impact

By Gali Halevi | Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1428 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10029| Email: gali.halevi@mssm.edu

Henk F. Moed | Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti, University of Rome  “La Sapienza”, 00185, Italy | Email: hf.moed@gmail.com

Judit Bar-Ilan | Judit Bar-Ilan, Department of Information Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 5290002, Israel. Email: Judit.Bar-Ilan@biu.ac.il

With the globalization of science and the availability of online resources to help identify potential international collaborations, researches are seeking opportunities outside their institutions and sometimes outside their country of origin. It is unknown, however, whether these types of scientific mobility have positive effects on the productivity or impact of their work. On the one hand, mobility can be positive, since researchers moving to a new affiliation and/or country might find opportunities to expand their network and further their knowledge and expertise. On the other hand, the period of adjustment and familiarity with a new affiliation and/or country can potentially delay the publication of new studies. In addition, one’s affiliation with a new institution might take time to be recognized by the scientific community.

By using data on the number of affiliations, countries, number of publications and citations for 300 top performing researchers between 2010 and 2015, we sought to discover whether researchers’ “productivity” in terms of the number of publications they produce and the “impact” of these publications in terms of number of total and relative citations they receive, is affected by mobility.

Here are a few examples:

Mobility between at least two affiliations and two countries has a positive effect on the average number of publications and citations in Neuroscience.

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Data source: Elsevier™

Top oncology researchers have at least two affiliations in their profiles.  Mobility between institutions and countries has a positive effect on oncological research output.  Two countries and two affiliations seem to generate more research as well as citations in Oncology.

Oncology

Data source: Elsevier™

Infectious Diseases researchers see the most benefit when researchers move between two affiliations in one country.

Infectious Disease

Data source: Elsevier™

Conclusions:

  1. Neuroscience researchers see the most benefit when researchers move between two affiliations and two or three countries.
  2. Oncology researchers see the most benefit when researchers move between two affiliations in one or two countries.
  3. Infectious Diseases researchers see the most benefit when researchers move between two affiliations in one country.

References:

Colledge, L. & Verlinde, R. (2014). SciVal Metrics Guidebook. Elsevier.com. Retrieved April 8, 2015, from http://www.elsevier.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/184749/scival-metrics-guidebook-v1_01-february2014.pdf 

Fernandez-Zubieta, A., Geuna, A., & Lawson, C. (2013). Researchers’ mobility and its impact on scientific productivity.  Social Sciences Research network.com. Retrieved May 22, 2015, from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2244760

Moed, H. F., & Halevi, G. (2014). A bibliometric approach to tracking international scientific migration. Scientometrics, 101/3: 1987-2001.

Thanks for making NextGen Nursing a success!

By Robin O’Hanlon, MIS

The second event in our Research Insider seminar series – NextGen Nursing: Advances in Nursing Technology and Research took place on Tuesday, January 19, 2016. The event was incredibly will attended a total success overall.

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Carol Porter, DNP, RN, FAAN, Mount Sinai’s Chief Nursing Officer/Senior Vice President, Nursing Department Chair, and Associate Dean of Nursing Research and Education got things off to a great start with opening remarks.

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The witty and insightful Melanie Pratts, Medical Systems, Information Technology, New York Eye & Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai discussed her decision after to go to Nursing School 10 years in IT.  In her presentation she discussed how nursing school has influenced her practice as an IT director.

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Nadia Sultana, DNP, MBA, RN-BC, Clinical Assistant Professor Program Director, Nursing Informatics Master’s and Advanced Certificate Programs, NYU College of Nursing, illustrated how the role of nursing informatics is evolving to now include activities outside the traditional hospital walls, such as initiatives related to Telehealth, Genomics and use of data analytics for research.

Robbie Freeman, MSN, RN, NE-BC, Associate Director, Clinical Innovation & Informatics, Mount Sinai Hospital, gave participants an overview of big data and analytics in healthcare and demonstrate ways we can leverage these tools to improve patient safety, quality of care and operational efficiencies.

Finally, Kathy Jensen, MHA, RN, Medical Client Services Manager for EBSCO Health, demonstrated Nursing Reference Center Plus, the premier evidence-based information resource designed specifically for nurses, which has recently been licensed by Levy Library.

We encourage you to check out our Nursing Resources Trial page  to access Nursing Reference Center Plus and other nursing resources, including Board Vitals Nursing Review, Clinical Key Nursing, and Taylor’s Handbook of Clinical Nursing Skills. Your feedback will determine if we decide to continue with licensing these resources in the future.

If you weren’t able to attend the event, you’ll be able to view it on our YouTube channel shortly.

Register now for Lessons in Scientific Publishing

Registration is now open for the Spring 2 semester for a new course offering, Lessons in Scientific Publishing, a 1 credit elective course for the ISMMS Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences.

Being published in high quality, reputable journals and ensuring high impact in both traditional and alternative metrics is essential to a successful career today in science and medicine. The aims of this course are to familiarize students with the processes of writing and publishing scientific papers and to learn how to create a professional online presence that will allow their work to be noticed and cited. The course offers ISMMS students the opportunity to become adept in the processes of research organization, article submission and peer-review as well as creating and maintaining online presence as a vehicle to promote their work and their accomplishments.

The course provides a comprehensive overview of all aspect of scientific publishing. Topics discussed include searching scientific literature using information resources (i.e., PubMed, Scopus, & Web of Science), saving & organizing references using citation management tools, writing an effective literature review, maintaining academic integrity & avoiding plagiarism, ensuring article discoverability & attention, journal selection, style & formatting, manuscript submission, and the peer review process.

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Term: Spring 2 2016

Course number: BSR2004

Course title: Lessons in Scientific Publishing

Credits: 1

Course Directors: Gali Halevi, MLS, PhD and Rachel Pinotti, MLIS

Faculty: Jose Silva, MD and Benhur Lee, MD

Please feel free to contact Gali Halevi (gali.halevi@mssm.edu) or Rachel Pinotti (rachel.pinotti@mssm.edu) with any inquiries.

 

Levy Librarian to participate in Fundamentals of Bioinformatics and Searching course

By Robin O’Hanlon, MIS

Congratulations to Rachel Pinotti (Manager, Information & Education Services) who will participate in a rigorous online bioinformatics training course, Fundamentals of Bioinformatics and Searching, sponsored by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, NLM Training Center (NTC). The course provides “basic knowledge and skills for librarians interested in helping patrons use online molecular databases and tools from the NCBI.” The skills Rachel learns will extend bioinformatics services at Levy Library.

The course runs from January 11-February 19, 2016 and you can learn more about it on the NLM website.

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Levy Librarian Rachel Pinotti

Women in STEM: Dr. Coro Paisan-Ruiz

Name: Coro Paisan-Ruiz, PhD

Specialty: Human Geneticist

Current position/s: Assistant Professor of Neurology, Genetics and Genomic Sciences, and Psychiatry

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  1. Can you describe what inspired your interest in science?

Although my parents, both pediatricians, have always encouraged me to study medicine and become a clinician, I have always been passionate about medical sciences and decided to have a career in Biomedical research. The field of biology has given me the opportunity to further develop my passion about science as well as contribute to the improvement of patients’ health, as the discovery of disease-causing gene helps us to understand the pathological process of a disease and to develop improved therapeutic treatments.

  1. What engages you the most about your research?

To identify a new disease-causing gene can take from several months to several years, and the longer it takes the more stressful it gets. However, once you find a disease gene the disease-related processes are immediately better-understood and new lines of investigation, which not only engages you and your research but also other researches in the field of study, are opened. This achievement provides you with a strong commitment to better understand the disease-associated pathophysiology.

  1. Do you currently have a mentor? Describe how a mentor has been of professional and/or academic assistance to you as you’ve strived to fulfill your career goals

I am very fortunate because I did have very good mentors who have played a valuable role in my career development. I feel that in academia having a mentor that believes in you as a scientist and encourages you to follow your own scientific ideas is essential, as there are many occasions where we face rejections and other lack of support.  Although I currently do not have a formal mentor, I seek for advice from more senior people whenever I feel down or need further support and encourage. I am also continuously learning from other scientists around me that serve me as example.

  1. What is one of your more challenging career experiences?

One of my more challenging experience was when I first moved to the USA from Spain to finalize my PhD project due to the lack of enough financial support to continue my PhD project in Spain. It was really difficult for me to leave my family behind and worked in a foreign country for the first time when I barely spoke English. Since I was by myself (my husband stayed working in Spain), I worked really hard to finish  my PhD project and come back to Spain as soon as possible. However, I decided to stay in the USA to continue with my post-doctoral research after finalizing my PhD project, because what began as a very challenging situation later became a very enriching learning experience. So, I am very grateful of the opportunity I did have to come to the USA, as it was in the end a very rewarding experience.

As a junior faculty I also found running your own lab and mentoring new scientists very challenging. There are so many tasks to do (i.e., reviews, grants, administrative tasks, collaborations, research, manuscripts, and so on) so you need to be super organized and prioritize important work. At the same time you need to build an enjoyable lab environment where everyone is happy, learning, and productive. Balancing family and work is also difficult especially at the beginning of the motherhood when you want to spend more time with your baby/family but without compromising your productivity at work.

  1. What advice would you give to other aspiring female scientists?

I think that in general, there are many challenging experiences during the entire academic process. Getting your first R01, building a happy and productive lab are all challenging and sometimes stressful experiences, but at the same time they are so rewarding. I would tell aspiring female scientists that this path may not be easy sometimes, but when you work hard, and are passionate about what you do, good things will come. It is also important to seek advice from more senior scientists and collaborate with scientists with whom you feel comfortable. I think we are extremely fortunate to do what we really love and we should take this opportunity to the fullest.

New Medical Illustrator joins ISMMS

Academic Medical Illustration is excited to announce the recent hiring of a new medical illustrator at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai! Christopher Smith comes to us after recently completing his graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, MD. Chris will be working alongside Academic Medical Illustration Manager Jill Gregory to help create biomedical visualizations for the Mount Sinai Health System.

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Fig. 1 – Course of the Trigeminal Nerve, Graphite and Adobe Photoshop

Prior to coming to Mount Sinai, Chris received his Bachelors degree from Salisbury University in Exercise Science, and subsequently studied traditional fine art at the Schuler School of Fine Art in Baltimore, MD. There he learned age-old techniques of the master painters, such as burning charcoal for drawing and grinding pigments for oil paints. At Johns Hopkins, Chris learned a variety of digital illustration and animation programs, in addition to taking courses in anatomy and pathology alongside medical students.

Chris has received multiple awards for his illustrations from organization such as Elsevier and the Association of Medical Illustrators. He is also a published author, having co-authored both scientific textbooks and peer-reviewed papers on the subject of the evolutionary developmental biology of the human musculoskeletal system.

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Fig. 2. Hipbone, Carbon dust

Chris is located in the Levy Library on the 11th floor of the Annenberg building. We welcome Chris and look forward to the new medical media he will be producing at Mount Sinai!

For more information please contact Chris at christopher.smith1@mssm.edu

Women in STEM: Dr. Joy S. Reidenberg, Ph.D.

Name: Joy S. Reidenberg, Ph.D.

Specialty: Anatomical Sciences (anatomy, Histology, Embryology, Imaging, Comparative Anatomy, Evolution)

Current position/s: Professor, Center for Anatomy and Functional Morphology, Department of Medical education, Icahn School of Medicine

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  1. Can you describe what inspired your interest in science?

My interest in science, particularly anatomy, probably began as a child.  I liked examining natural objects I would find on the beach or in the forest.  I definitely enjoyed looking at live animals.  Examining dead ones in the kitchen, however, gave me my first opportunity to see them up close (e.g., gutting and cleaning fish, preparing a turkey with giblets, separating chops from rack of ribs).  I can’t say I ignored road kills, or dead things on the beach – I definitely enjoyed collecting bones and shells (the snails and clams were long dead before I got to appreciate their shells).  I also liked drawing what I observed in nature.  My liking for animal structure intensified in college, particularly through courses in anatomy.  I even took my boyfriend on a date to see a public dissection of a porpoise.  Who does that for a date?  Luckily, he wasn’t scared away and we did get married!  I spent a college summer dissecting fish and making drawings for a dissection manual.  During that experience I realized that I could combine my fascination with nature (specifically animals) with: my interest in anatomy, my skills as an artist, my nerdy desire to ask lots of questions, and my adventuresome spirit to seek discoveries.  These beautifully meshed into a career called comparative anatomy.

  1. What engages you the most about your research?

Our research is focused on animals adapted to extreme environments, such as marine mammals.  I am excited every time I am inspired by nature.  I hope to use that inspiration to develop new protective gear for humans, or help us treat diseases or prevent injuries.  Some human diseases mimic the environmental extremes that these unusual animals are adapted to.  Can we harness those adaptations and apply them to humans?  Humans might be in an environmental situation, artificial or natural, where they might struggle to survive – unless they can adapt by using something we’ve learned from studying animals.  For example, one of the reasons we look at whales is that they’re adapted not only to living in the water, but they’re also diving animals, and that means they can withstand huge changes in pressure.  One of the areas we’re trying to find solutions for is how to help humans withstand pressure changes.  I’m not only talking about changes that might occur while going into space or living deep in the ocean.  Our soldiers and construction workers experience changes in pressure when they’re dealing with explosives.  The danger from explosions isn’t just the shrapnel and metal flying around – it’s the pressure wave that emanates from the explosion.  That causes a huge amount of damage to the body.  The areas that compress the most are the air-containing spaces.  My specialty happens to be the respiratory tract, which of course contains air (e.g., in the lungs, ears, or sinuses).  So if diving animals could handle the pressure changes of an explosion without damage, could we perhaps learn from their adaptability, how to make protective gear for our soldiers and construction workers so that they, too, can withstand those changes.  That’s just an example.  We’re looking at lots of applications, and have a lot of diverse projects going on.  Why are we looking at all these weird animals?  It all relates to “Can we learn from nature?  Can we mimic something that nature’s already developed, and co-opt that into a treatment or a prosthesis for people?”

  1. Do you currently have a mentor? Describe how a mentor has been of professional and/or academic assistance to you as you’ve strived to fulfill your career goals

Yes.  My mentor is Professor Jeffrey T. Laitman, here at Icahn.  He was my Ph.D. dissertation advisor, and when I graduated and took a job here, we became very close colleagues and friends.  He still today is my academic advisor.  Everyone needs an advisor – a “go to” person that they can bounce ideas off of, get honest and critical feedback from, get career advice from, and even someone to “vent” to when you’re angry and who can also give you a fresh, new perspective on the situation.

  1. What is one of your more challenging career experiences?

I was asked, at the last minute, to fly to Ireland to perform a dissection of a freshly dead fin whale.  The purpose of the dissection was to make a documentary for television called Inside Nature’s Giants.   I had to make a split decision about whether to go or not.  Getting there was a challenge, as it was arranged at the very last minute, and I had to get my passport and get to the airport in around 3 hours.  One I got there, I faced more challenges, ranging from driving on the wrong side of the road without directions in a storm, to negotiating access to the whale carcass from the Minister of Health of Ireland.  Once we got permission (and that is a very long, but funny story – for another time!), we had to fight the weather.  It was not only freezing cold, but also raining and hailing on us, 60mph winds, and we were out on a little sand bar, that meant we only had four hours between tides to work – as the sun was going down.  Low tide was about 4:30pm, so we didn’t have a lot of light to work with.  We had all these factors working against us, plus the politics of the situation – rival towns were fighting over who got to keep the whale’s skeleton and even involved theft of parts from the whale during the night.  So there was a lot going on.  That was by far the most difficult dissection I’ve ever done.  Plus, I didn’t have my research crew with me, or all my normal equipment.  I had some equipment there, but it wasn’t the right equipment.  The stuff that I really wanted to use wasn’t the stuff I could get onto an airplane with a few minutes notice.  Going to Ireland was a very interesting experience.  Nobody else there had ever done a whale dissection before.  Wonderful people from the Whale and Dolphin Group came to help me, and were very enthusiastic, but they had never cut open a whale before, and also they weren’t comfortable with some of the big tools they were using.  So trying to direct them in the middle of a storm was also a challenge.

  1. What advice would you give to other aspiring female scientists?

Being a scientist is not a sex/gender related activity.  Therefore, my advice is the same for everyone.  Follow your passion.  You should love what you do, because you will spend most of your life doing it.  Hopefully, you won’t be saying “I’m going to work,” but instead saying “I’m going to play.”  Ideally, you will end up in an environment where people will accept you for your own special talents, and you will not feel you have to defend what you do because of your sex/gender, or any other characteristic you can be labeled for.