Women in STEM: Dr. Joy S. Reidenberg, Ph.D.

Name: Joy S. Reidenberg, Ph.D.

Specialty: Anatomical Sciences (anatomy, Histology, Embryology, Imaging, Comparative Anatomy, Evolution)

Current position/s: Professor, Center for Anatomy and Functional Morphology, Department of Medical education, Icahn School of Medicine


  1. Can you describe what inspired your interest in science?

My interest in science, particularly anatomy, probably began as a child.  I liked examining natural objects I would find on the beach or in the forest.  I definitely enjoyed looking at live animals.  Examining dead ones in the kitchen, however, gave me my first opportunity to see them up close (e.g., gutting and cleaning fish, preparing a turkey with giblets, separating chops from rack of ribs).  I can’t say I ignored road kills, or dead things on the beach – I definitely enjoyed collecting bones and shells (the snails and clams were long dead before I got to appreciate their shells).  I also liked drawing what I observed in nature.  My liking for animal structure intensified in college, particularly through courses in anatomy.  I even took my boyfriend on a date to see a public dissection of a porpoise.  Who does that for a date?  Luckily, he wasn’t scared away and we did get married!  I spent a college summer dissecting fish and making drawings for a dissection manual.  During that experience I realized that I could combine my fascination with nature (specifically animals) with: my interest in anatomy, my skills as an artist, my nerdy desire to ask lots of questions, and my adventuresome spirit to seek discoveries.  These beautifully meshed into a career called comparative anatomy.

  1. What engages you the most about your research?

Our research is focused on animals adapted to extreme environments, such as marine mammals.  I am excited every time I am inspired by nature.  I hope to use that inspiration to develop new protective gear for humans, or help us treat diseases or prevent injuries.  Some human diseases mimic the environmental extremes that these unusual animals are adapted to.  Can we harness those adaptations and apply them to humans?  Humans might be in an environmental situation, artificial or natural, where they might struggle to survive – unless they can adapt by using something we’ve learned from studying animals.  For example, one of the reasons we look at whales is that they’re adapted not only to living in the water, but they’re also diving animals, and that means they can withstand huge changes in pressure.  One of the areas we’re trying to find solutions for is how to help humans withstand pressure changes.  I’m not only talking about changes that might occur while going into space or living deep in the ocean.  Our soldiers and construction workers experience changes in pressure when they’re dealing with explosives.  The danger from explosions isn’t just the shrapnel and metal flying around – it’s the pressure wave that emanates from the explosion.  That causes a huge amount of damage to the body.  The areas that compress the most are the air-containing spaces.  My specialty happens to be the respiratory tract, which of course contains air (e.g., in the lungs, ears, or sinuses).  So if diving animals could handle the pressure changes of an explosion without damage, could we perhaps learn from their adaptability, how to make protective gear for our soldiers and construction workers so that they, too, can withstand those changes.  That’s just an example.  We’re looking at lots of applications, and have a lot of diverse projects going on.  Why are we looking at all these weird animals?  It all relates to “Can we learn from nature?  Can we mimic something that nature’s already developed, and co-opt that into a treatment or a prosthesis for people?”

  1. Do you currently have a mentor? Describe how a mentor has been of professional and/or academic assistance to you as you’ve strived to fulfill your career goals

Yes.  My mentor is Professor Jeffrey T. Laitman, here at Icahn.  He was my Ph.D. dissertation advisor, and when I graduated and took a job here, we became very close colleagues and friends.  He still today is my academic advisor.  Everyone needs an advisor – a “go to” person that they can bounce ideas off of, get honest and critical feedback from, get career advice from, and even someone to “vent” to when you’re angry and who can also give you a fresh, new perspective on the situation.

  1. What is one of your more challenging career experiences?

I was asked, at the last minute, to fly to Ireland to perform a dissection of a freshly dead fin whale.  The purpose of the dissection was to make a documentary for television called Inside Nature’s Giants.   I had to make a split decision about whether to go or not.  Getting there was a challenge, as it was arranged at the very last minute, and I had to get my passport and get to the airport in around 3 hours.  One I got there, I faced more challenges, ranging from driving on the wrong side of the road without directions in a storm, to negotiating access to the whale carcass from the Minister of Health of Ireland.  Once we got permission (and that is a very long, but funny story – for another time!), we had to fight the weather.  It was not only freezing cold, but also raining and hailing on us, 60mph winds, and we were out on a little sand bar, that meant we only had four hours between tides to work – as the sun was going down.  Low tide was about 4:30pm, so we didn’t have a lot of light to work with.  We had all these factors working against us, plus the politics of the situation – rival towns were fighting over who got to keep the whale’s skeleton and even involved theft of parts from the whale during the night.  So there was a lot going on.  That was by far the most difficult dissection I’ve ever done.  Plus, I didn’t have my research crew with me, or all my normal equipment.  I had some equipment there, but it wasn’t the right equipment.  The stuff that I really wanted to use wasn’t the stuff I could get onto an airplane with a few minutes notice.  Going to Ireland was a very interesting experience.  Nobody else there had ever done a whale dissection before.  Wonderful people from the Whale and Dolphin Group came to help me, and were very enthusiastic, but they had never cut open a whale before, and also they weren’t comfortable with some of the big tools they were using.  So trying to direct them in the middle of a storm was also a challenge.

  1. What advice would you give to other aspiring female scientists?

Being a scientist is not a sex/gender related activity.  Therefore, my advice is the same for everyone.  Follow your passion.  You should love what you do, because you will spend most of your life doing it.  Hopefully, you won’t be saying “I’m going to work,” but instead saying “I’m going to play.”  Ideally, you will end up in an environment where people will accept you for your own special talents, and you will not feel you have to defend what you do because of your sex/gender, or any other characteristic you can be labeled for.


Exploring Open Access

By Celine Soudant, Levy Library Intern

As a Library and Information Science student and a former laboratory technician, I believe that open access can help research and therefore contribute to medical advancements.  Peter Suber offers the following description, “Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.”

In October 2015, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) organized for the eighth year, the international “Open Access Week” where academic and research communities can share and exchange about new findings regarding OA. Open Access has a huge impact in developing countries where it allows doctors to have access to new medical findings. Open Access also presents advantages for authors. As Wang’s figure demonstrates, OA leads to an increase of article downloads after publication, as well as increased usage over time when compared with non-OA articles.

OA Graph

Figure 1: Comparison of accumulation page view between OA and non-OA articles

There are some drawbacks following the OA movement, such as the proliferation of predatory publishers, but librarians and websites such as Scholarly Open Access (written by Jeffrey Beall) can help researchers locate those publishers.

You can find Open Access journals at the Levy library such as PLOS Medicine, Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, and BioReseach Open Access. Here is a list of journals offering discounted fees to Mount Sinai authors.

References/Pages sited:

Beall, Jeffrey. “List of Publishers.” Scholarly Open Access. 15 Jan. 2012. Web. 17 Nov. 2015. <http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/>.


Suber, Peter. “Open Access Overview.” 7 July 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015. http://bit.ly/oa-overview

Wang, Xianwen, et al. “The open access advantage considering citation, article usage and social media attention.” Scientometrics 103.2 (2015): 555-564. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11192-015-1547-0#/page-1

Levy Librarian Rachel Pinotti listed as co-author on poster at seminal liver conference!

Major congratulations are in order for Rachel Pinotti (Manager of Education & Information Services, Levy Library) who recently was listed as co-author on a poster that will be presented at the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD). The poster, “Long-term Effects of Bariatirc Surgery in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Literature Review and Meta-Analysis” will now be written up as a paper and submitted as a journal article.


Rachel’s co-authors include Dr. A. Schneier (Internal Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai), Dr M. Wells (Transplant Hepatology,  Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai & Gastroenterology, Royal Victorian Hospital), Dr. N. Ganjoo (Transplant Hepatology,  Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai), and  Dr. T. Schiano (Transplant Hepatology,  Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai).


TedMed will be coming to ISMMS!

Please join us for TedMed 2015 Live at ISMMS!

Wed, 11/18 from 12:30pm – 4:30pm
Thur, 11/19 from 12:30pm to 4pm
Fri, 11/20 from 12:30pm to 1:30pm, then from 3:30pm on

Location: Annenberg Building, 11th floor (Levy Library), Room 11-46

For more information, visit http://www.tedmed.com/


About TedMed: TEDMED bridges the gap between biomedical science and the public by finding and sharing stories that inform, inspire, engage, and provoke action across a broad, passionate community inside and outside of health and medicine. TEDMED values inclusiveness, multidisciplinary collaboration and diversity in its mission to catalyze a healthier world.

Women in STEM: Patricia Kovatch

Name: Patricia Kovatch

Specialty: Scientific Computing

Current position/s: Associate Dean for Scientific Computing


  1. Can you describe what inspired your interest in science?

I love learning and solving problems.

  1. What engages you the most about your research?

Partnering with scientists in other disciplines to build effective computational and data tools to accelerate our comprehension of the universe.

  1. Do you currently have a mentor? Describe how a mentor has been of professional and/or academic assistance to you as you’ve strived to fulfill your career goals

Yes—I learn every day from people around me. They give me new ideas and insight that help me continually reshape my approaches and goals.

  1. What advice would you give to other aspiring female scientists?

There are lots of interesting paths through life. Keep an open mind, don’t give up and strive for work-life balance.

To learn more about Patricia, visit her Mount Sinai profile. To learn more about her team, visit their homepage.

We got our mediation on with “Letting Go of Stress”

By Robin O’Hanlon, MIS

On Tuesday, November 10th, 81 attendees participated in “Letting Go of Stress: Meditation and Mindfulness for Health Professionals”, lead by Kadam Morten Clausen from the Kadampa Center in NYC.

This session was the first in our “Mindful Medicine” seminar series, stay tuned for more events in this series, as well as the next seminar in our “Research Insider” seminar series, coming in January.

For those who are interested, here is a link to a recording of the session.

Image Today 8-12-39 PM

Image Today 8-12-40 PM


Women in STEM: Kirsten Edepli, PhD

Specialty: Cancer Biology [CAB], Developmental and Stem Cell Biology [DSCB]

Current position/s: Associate Professor, Medicine, Liver Diseases; Associate Professor, Developmental and Regenerative Biology


  1. Can you describe what inspired your interest in science?

Since high school, I’ve been to science. I always thought I’d become a medical doctor. While in high school, I took an AP science class that had a research project component. The research project opened my eyes to the scientific discovery process where you begin with an idea, experiment, and then test to see if it’s true. I was fascinated by the process and the fact that you could learn first if something was true rather than reading it in a book.

I attended Mount Holyoke College, which is an all-women’s college in Massachusetts. It’s a small college and the professors were very close to the students. Since it is an all-women’s college, I never experienced bias because of my gender. During my time there I focused on both psychiatry and biology and realized that my passion lies in biology, so that was where I decided to direct my focus.

Eventually I realized I didn’t want to be a doctor, but rather be a scientist. It’s a very social and open profession which allowed me to be creative and see results.  I was accepted to Harvard PhD program, which was like a sign that this was what I had to do.

  1. What engages you the most about your research?

My field has changed a lot since I first started in it. At first it was all about new discoveries. Today I have an opportunity to work on other areas, especially with post docs and junior faculty. Today I enjoy the new discoveries, but also the mentorship and working with young people and sharing in their enthusiasm.

I’m passionate about empowering women working in science and encouraging young girls to excel in science. As a working mother I feel that the job has to be really good in order for me to leave my kids. Many women rise up and say that scientific jobs are not worth compromising family life. Scientific jobs are not glamorous and there are few perks or promotions. Many women feel that if there isn’t satisfaction and happiness in the job, women will leave the field. I’m moving to NYU and there is a program called Women Empowered in STEM. I’m a faculty mentor. It’s a support group run by students and they plan to do further work in high schools. I’m moving with NYU to Abu Dhabi and I want to create a network of women in STEM over there!

  1. Do you currently have a mentor? Describe how a mentor has been of professional and/or academic assistance to you as you’ve strived to fulfill your career goals

I had two mentors in college and high school. They always encouraged me and made me feel that I could accomplish anything. My mentors were not just cheerleaders, but also coaches. They encouraged me to work hard and called me out on occasions where my work wasn’t good. A good mentor also teaches you how to mentor others and leads by example.

  1. What is one of your more challenging career experiences?

In graduate school I was doing both medical school and PhD work. At the same time my mother was diagnosed with cancer. It was a really difficult time for me. She died within two months. I couldn’t continue with medical school and I bounced from lab to lab and couldn’t find a place to finish my PhD work. The school allowed me to take a few months off, so I took this time to think about what I could I do if I couldn’t become a scientist. I thought about many professions, even being a florist and a cook! After a while I realized that the lab is my place and that’s what I should be doing. It’s my passion and my vocation and I couldn’t do anything else in life.

  1. What advice would you give to other aspiring female scientists?

Science has to be a choice. Explore your options and think about everything you love to do and how science fits with that. Also, think about your family and your children and understand that science is a commitment.

ISMMS Collaborations with Corporations around the World

By Gali Halevi, MLS, PhD and Robin Milford, MSIS

Academic and corporate collaborations are vital to the development of drugs, medical equipment and various therapeutic procedures. In this article we explored the main corporations with which ISMMS collaborates with. Using Scopus, we retrieved all publications that have at least one ISMMS author and at least one corporate author from 2010 to 2015. Overall, we analyzed 585 co-authored publications. Our results show that ISMMS collaborated with 83 corporations worldwide between 2010 and 2015.

As can be seen in table 1, most of the co-authored papers are between North American and European corporations and ISMMS authors. However, there are several collaborations between Asian and Middle Eastern corporations.

Region totals Collaborating Institutions Co-authored publications
Asia Pacific 9 17
Europe 24 160
Middle East 3 6
North America 47 435

Table 1: Regional collaborations between corporations and ISMMS authors

North American collaborations show 435 co-authored papers with 47 corporations. The top co-authored papers are between Merck, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Abbott Laboratories, SAIC and Bristol-Myers Squibb (see figure 1).


Click to enlarge Graph 1: Corporate collaborations between ISMMS and American Corporations

An analysis of the titles of these co-authored publications reveals the main areas in which the collaborations took place which are HPV vaccine (Merck), overactive bladder control (Pfizer), Alzheimer Disease (Eli Lilly), Coronary Disease (Abbott Laboratories) and anti -rejection Kidney Transplant (Bristol-Myers Squibb)

European collaborations show 160 co-authored papers with 24 corporations.  The main corporations and areas of collaborative research are GlaxoSmithKline (HPV vaccine), Novartis (H1N1 vaccine), Sanofi-Aventis (Chemoradiography) and Bayer (hepatocellular carcinoma).


Click to enlarge Graph 2: Corporate collaborations between ISMMS and Asian Corporations

Women in STEM Interview Series: Dr. Cecilia Berin, PhD

Specialty: Food Allergy (Allergy/Immunology)

Current position/s: Associate Professor, Pediatrics; Team Leader, Berin Laboratory


  1. Can you describe what inspired your interest in science?

I had always intended to be a physician based on a somewhat naïve idea that it was a good career path and I had excelled in science and math in school. During my undergraduate studies in Life Sciences, my physiology and pathology courses sparked an interest to understand what happens when things go wrong in the human body, leading to disease. During a senior thesis project related to Inflammatory Bowel Disease, I realized that this curiosity would be better satisfied by a career dedicated to biomedical research rather than patient care, and I chose to pursue graduate work in gastrointestinal physiology. I didn’t know any scientists growing up, so until I did bench research as a student I hadn’t really considered science as a career option.

  1. What engages you the most about your research?

I enjoy interpreting data, I am always eager to see the results of each experiment and to think about how our findings relate to disease (in my case, food allergy). But the most rewarding part of my job is mentoring. I love to see trainees get excited about their results, and it’s also very rewarding to see them get external validation of their work through fellowships, awards, or being selected to speak at conferences. A lot of the mentoring work is about encouraging them to keep going when experiments don’t work or results aren’t exciting.

  1. Do you currently have a mentor? Describe how a mentor has been of professional and/or academic assistance to you as you’ve strived to fulfill your career goals

I have many mentors, although I currently do not have a formal mentor. Mentors have played an invaluable part in my career. In my early career, it was very important to have mentors who believed in me and provided strong emotional support when things got difficult, because rejection and career uncertainty are unavoidable in science. I have had mentors who opened doors for me, either through financial support for my research, or through inviting me to be involved in collaborative projects, or who suggested a new research path that they thought I would be good at.

  1. What is one of your more challenging career experiences?

Dealing with aspects of running a lab that you don’t typically learn when you are a graduate student or a postdoctoral fellow. These include many important administrative aspects (financial management and planning, keeping up with protocol approvals for conducting human subjects research or animal research) as well as management skills for ensuring that the lab is a productive and enjoyable workplace for all its members.

  1. What advice would you give to other aspiring female scientists?

Network as much as possible. Find scientists whose careers you admire and want to emulate. Find scientists who you enjoy collaborating with. Find scientists who will read your grant applications. This kind of networking can be difficult for some, but we can’t do science alone.

Learn more about Cecilia and the Berin Laboratory.