Back in the day, the United States used to mark the birthdays of President Abraham Lincoln (February 12th) and President George Washington (February 22nd) as two separate events. In fact, it was only Washington’s birth that was celebrated as a federal holiday, starting in 1879, and it was on his actual birth date of the 22nd. In 1971, it was made a floating holiday, marked on the third Monday of February. Now the day is most commonly known as Presidents’ Day and is taken to be a combination of George and Abe’s birthday. The newspaper clipping on the left shows a student in the Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing 60 years ago reading a book about George Washington to a group of pediatric patients. The student’s name is Frances Klepadlo, and she was in the Class of 1954. (The nurse on the far left is also a Mount Sinai graduate, as is evidenced by her distinctive cap.) Ms. Klepadlo recently sent an old operating room nurse’s uniform from her student days to the Mount Sinai Archives to be preserved, along with this clipping. The timing worked out perfectly for us to share it with you in honor of George Washington’s official birthday. Happy Birthday, Mr. President!
After several years of being out of the public eye, the Levy Library has recently found a new home for a bust of Abraham Jacobi, MD (1830-1919), the ‘Father of American Pediatrics.’ The bust was created by Jo Davidson (1883-1952) in 1910 and was presented to The Mount Sinai Hospital by the Medical Staff at an event marking Dr. Jacobi’s 80th birthday and his 50th year on the Medical Staff of the Hospital. The creation of the Abraham Jacobi Library at Mount Sinai was also announced during this celebration. The Jacobi Library was later merged into the Levy Library, which was established in 1973 to serve the new School of Medicine. This bust has remained in the Mount Sinai library since that time, but often out of view. A few days ago, the sculpture was placed on the west side of the Library and now Dr. Jacobi is once again a presence at Mount Sinai.
It's summer, the best time for hot dogs and watermelon and being outside at a barbeque – even if you are a child stuck in the hospital with an injured foot. This young guy has his hands full, but when he is done eating, he has his shades nearby so he can relax in the sun. During the 1960s, doctors from Mount Sinai's Pediatrics Department would often fire up some grills on the roof of the Einstein-Falk Children's Pavilion and hold a picnic for those children able to make it, often complete with clowns and balloons. It is hard to imagine fire codes allowing that to happen today, but it is certain the reaction would be the same: Oh, boy!
The Levy Library is pleased to now offer online access to a number of new core e-books in MDConsult including: Gray's Anatomy, Rutherford's Vascular Surgery, the Requisites in Radiology series, the Requisites in Pediatrics series, several Dermatology texts and more.
This is the first time the Library has been able to provide sitewide access to Gray's Anatomy. This classic anatomy text is currently a recommended textbook for Mount Sinai's Gross Anatomy course. Gray's Anatomy celebrated it's 150th anniversary with the publication of the 40th edition in 2008.
The Requisites in Radiology series is often considered essential reading for radiologists, and the Requisites in Pediatrics series is well-known to pediatric residents. Another classic textbook, Rutherford's Vascular Surgery is described as "the most acclaimed, comprehensive reference in it's field."
The following new ebooks are now available in our MDConsult subscription:
Pediatric Endocrinology: Requisites
Thoracic Radiology: The Requisites,
We're pleased to announce a new addition to our online resources: McGrawHill's AccessPediatrics is now available from the Library's website. AccessPediatrics contains a collection of core textbooks such as Rudolph's Pediatrics, Neonatology, and Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatrics. Also included are images and multimedia, core topic reviews, abstracts from OMMBID (The Online Metabolic & Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease) and clerkship review materials including over 500 test questions from the Lange PreTest and Case Files books for pediatrics clerkship review. AccessPediatrics joins our other McGrawHill's "Access" databases: AccessMedicine, AccessSurgery, AccessAnesthesiology, and AccessEmergency Medicine. Access it from the Library's list of databases.
Now that the warm weather is here, isn't it nice to get outside? The sun feels warm, the air is fresh, and it just feels good. It should be no surprise that hospitals noticed that all that fresh air and sunshine was good, and took steps to make sure that their patients experienced it. Hospitals were built with large windows and transoms over the doors so air could circulate freely. This was true in the 1800s (see the photo of a ward at Mount Sinai's Lexington Ave. site in 1891) and remains true today. Mount Sinai's current I.M Pei designed hospital building provides sunlight to every patient room, and a sophisticated air handling system for temperature control.
The building that Pei's Guggenheim Pavilion replaced was opened in 1904. The architect, Alfred Brunner, used a much simpler approach to providing patients with environmental healing. His design for the buildings, called Light and Air, provided the usual large windows and cross ventilation, but he also designed porches on the roofs of the buildings that allowed adult patients to be rolled out in their beds for fresh air. (The image shown is from 1936.) Pediatric patients used the roof for barbeques and entertainment.
So, take a lesson from those hospital architects: head outside and get your daily dose of Light and Air.
As an archivist, I am kind of schizophrenic about the web. I fight hard against the easy – and totally wrong – assumption that, "Everything is on the web." NO, it's not. And even though archivists are certainly working hard to put more and more of our primary resources online, at this point we are lucky to make overview descriptions of our collections available, let alone the documents themselves.
Still, there are a lot of neat things out there that are fun to look at. One I just played with is the complete run of LIFE Magazine, made available by Google Books. I did my usual Mount Sinai seach and found a few articles of interest. In the February 10, 1947 issue are photographs taken at Mount Sinai documenting a research project in gastroenterology. The article is called "Inside the Stomach." In the November 2, 1959 issue there is an interesting article on medical costs called "The Challenge of Mounting Expenses." (Very interesting reading to see what they were saying on health care costs 50 years ago.) In this article they use two images taken at Mount Sinai, one showing our new 25 million volt betatron used in treating tumors, and the other showing a man at work in our kitchen. The latter was used to demonstrate the rising cost of hospital personnel. The caption notes that the employee is a $42.50 a week helper, which comes out to $2,210/year if you do the math!
There are also two articles in LIFE Magazine centered around famous Mount Sinai physicians, Drs. Bela Schick (October 28, 1957 issue) and Samuel Rosen (July 27, 1962 issue). Dr. Schick was Director of Pediatrics from 1923-42. He helped establish the concept of allergy (and coined the term), and developed the Schick test that allowed doctors to test for immunity to diptheria. This was the focus of a massive public health campaign in the 1930s, with the tagline of, "Have You Been Schicked?" Dr. Rosen was an otolaryngologist who in 1952 re-discovered and popularized the procedure of mobilization of the stapes to cure deafness in otosclerosis. He also was well known for travelling around the world to study the impact of the sounds of modern society on hearing loss. The LIFE story discusses his trip to Africa to study the hearing of isolated tribes. Rosen also travelled to Georgia in Eastern Europe and was one of the first westerners into China in the early 1970s.
So, while not everything is on the web, thanks Google Books for adding another interesting piece to the puzzle.
Last week was clinical skills week, when we got to meet all of the medical students entering their third year and learning some of the skills they'll need for their clerkships. One of those skills is being able to find the information necessary for patient care, so reference librarians Polly and Laura shared some of their favorite resources. Here they are, with a word about each:
PubMed: What library workshop would be complete with mention of PubMed? (OK, so there are a few). Specifically, remember MeSH searching, Boolean operators and the Limits tab, and try the Clinical Queries tool (found in the blue bar on the left side of the PubMed homepage) when you are looking for research studies for specific question types – e.g., therapy, diagnosis, prognosis, etc.
ACP Journal Club and the Cochrane Library are evidence-based medicine resources: ACP Journal Club provides structured reviews and commentary on selected high-quality articles from 100+ journals, while the Cochrane Library publishes systematic reviews and meta-analyses of highly relevant topics. Search them separately using the above links, or together using EBM Reviews.
And, as always, you can Ask a Librarian. Happy third year!
Pediatrics types will be interested in our new online resource, AAP Grand Rounds. From the American Association of Pediatrics, AAP Grand Rounds pulls relevant, methodologically sound pediatrics articles from 75 journals. Physicians then summarize and comment on the articles to help you stay abreast of the latest developments in the field. The current issue covers a wide range of topics ranging from maternal influenza vaccination to MRSA in bath water to pediatric injuries from golfballs and inflatable backyard bouncers. Past issues are of course fully searchable. We think of this resource as a pediatrics version of ACP Journal Club, which is also definitely worth a look if you're not familiar with it yet.